He breast cancer is a serious disease in which the cells of this tissue grow without control. Thus, a small tumor or malignant nodule forms and can spread to other body regions. It can occur in both women (a higher percentage) and men.
On the other hand, the patient may present a series of alterations in the affected area and other general signs. For example, some symptom They are fatigue, weakness or fatigue. Its detection or diagnosis is carried out through physical exams, biopsies and even images (such as X-rays or ultrasound scans of the affected area).
Also, this pathology may be caused by various factors that alter the DNA or genetic material of the cells. It usually includes exposure to radiation, toxic chemicals or a family history (a family member has had this disorder).
Breast cancer treatment
The final goal of the treatment will be to neutralize the symptoms that the patient may present and try to reduce the evolution of the pathology and eliminate the affected cells.
The set of medical procedures and medication It will vary depending on the characteristics of the cancer. However, we can cite a series of treatments that appear more frequently. For example:
We can also distinguish a series of subtypes of surgery according to its final objective:
- Surgery with breast conservation. Also, it can be called a partial or segmental mastectomy. During this procedure, part of the breast that contains the malignant tumor is removed. As a general rule, a small section of tissue close to the affected region is also removed. The amount of area removed depends on the extent and location of the cancer.
- Mastectomy . In it, all breast tissue is extracted from one or both breasts (double mastectomy) and even other surrounding areas. As a general rule, double mastectomy is carried out in patients who have a high risk of developing or suffering from this disease again.
- Extraction of the lymph nodes. The corresponding medical team can remove a variable number of nodes to avoid its extension.
Can be applied radioactive sources in the affected breast from the inside (brachytherapy) or from the external environment ( radiotherapy external). The final goal of both is to neutralize the cancer cells and is normally carried out after the surgical intervention.
The most frequent side effects include fatigue, redness and swelling of the breast, discomfort of variable intensity, infection, numbness of the proximal arm, fracture of the ribs and alterations in the fertility (and lactation) of the patient.
On the other hand, certain patients can be administered compounds chemical They attack the malignant cells and reduce their growth. They can appear both orally and injected (intravenously). Also, the most common adverse effects are hair loss, nausea and / or vomiting, lack of appetite, mouth ulcers, fatigue or weakness, frequent infections and bruises.
Usually is applied in individuals with a type of cancer with positive receptors of certain hormones that favors its extension. For example, estrogen or progesterone.
A) Yes, certain chemical compounds that prevent the uptake of this substance are prescribed, avoiding the maintenance growth of the affected cells. In this case, the side effects or not expected vary depending on the types of drugs used. However, we can point out a series of alterations that usually affect patients.
It also uses a certain type of medication that they specialize as studies on this disease progress. They act on rapidly dividing cells, including cancer cells. The main drawback of this therapeutic technique are the side effects for the patient.
The most frequent symptoms are the feeling of tiredness, lack of appetite, anemia, muscle weakness, nausea and vomiting. For the rest, it works very well when it comes to controlling the disease and offers very good results. The last lines of research focus on this type of therapies because despite the side effects, its action is more localized and precise.