Throughout pregnancy, the needs of the organism are transformed to cover those of the baby. Nevertheless, Anemia is one of the biggest problems that show up in this process . In this post, we explain how to prevent anemia during pregnancy and the treatment to follow.
Anemia is defined as the significant decrease in Red blood cells that do not contain enough hemoglobin, Protein pigment that transports oxygen to the human body.
Anemia during pregnancy has been quite common in recent years. More than 50% of women have suffered from this at different levels (initial, intermediate and severe) . It is important to take into account that if it is not treated in time, it can cause irreversible damage to vital organs and cause the death of the baby.
Causes and types of anemia
The factors that influence the appearance and progress of anemia during pregnancy vary according to the metabolism of the future mother . However, the most frequent causes are:
- Considerable loss of blood.
- Cancer .
- Disappearance of bone marrow.
- Deficiency of folic acid or iron (iron-deficiency anemia).
The last point is the most usual. Iron is a mineral that our body does not produce, so we must obtain it through the intake of certain foods . Each red blood cell uses a percentage to produce hemoglobin.
The amount of blood increases in the second half of pregnancy because of the baby, so iron is even harder to absorb . If there is not enough, then red blood cells are not produced and iron-deficiency anemia develops to quite critical degrees.
Although the diet is balanced and the amount of vitamins is adequate, it does not guarantee the impossibility of suffering it , since in pregnancy the digestive processes change.
On the other hand, anemia megaloblastic It develops due to a deficit of folic acid and vitamin B12. Almost 90% of women suffer from this because this vitamin is water-soluble, which means that the human body eliminates it in the urine process. The function of this element is the formation of red blood cells.
Insufficient intake of this acid is one of the main consequences of the appearance of congenital defects in the baby. Generally, doctors recommend a daily dose to prevent any type of pathology.
Prevention and advice
It is essential that, In addition to the continuous exercise, consult a nutritionist so that you have a balanced diet that includes iron , vitamin B12, some supplements in case you are vegetarian, among other elements. There is no better way to avoid a condition of this magnitude, especially if you are careful with your doctor’s instructions.
Also, avoid products with caffeine because they reduce the ability to absorb iron . Another example are foods that contain preservatives or vegetables with excess phosphate. Be very selective with breads and cereals.
Throughout your pregnancy, go to a laboratory and ask for a blood test in order to detect the presence of anemia at an initial level or from intestinal parasites .
Treatments for anemia during pregnancy
If you already have anemia, there are several ways to recover. Stick to a diet Varied and balanced that goes according to the needs of your body, in which you can include:
- Fish and seafood.
- Green leafy vegetables.
- Milk and its derivatives.
- Red meats (not in excess).
- Wholemeal bread.
- Bird meat.
The doctor will be solely responsible for prescribing supplements with iron, folic acid or vitamin B12 and it will give you precise indications so that you increase or decrease the dose until the anemia disappears.
To absorb the greatest amount of iron, the pills will be ingested on an empty stomach and with natural water or orange juice . Never take them with milk, because calcium does not allow the absorption of the mineral.
If you follow these recommendations, in a few months the levels of hemoglobin and red cells will begin to rise , but do not interrupt the treatment until your doctor so indicates.
Pregnancy and childbirth are stages in which the woman’s body faces great changes and transformations that little by little you will know. The habits, routines and new habits are what will make you a responsible, responsible and careful mother to prepare the arrival of your baby.